Red tide research paper

Predictability of Red Tides Red tides are not predictable, but under certain circumstances, the probability of a red tide can be projected within seven months. This would have to include information about the ocean's sea surface temperature, the season, climates and currents. As can be fig. Other sources document 17 additional occurrences from

Red tide research paper

Indeed, biotechnology has moral implications that are nothing short of stupendous. But they are not the ones that worry the worriers. Of course you have: The Global Burden of Disease Project has tried to quantify it by estimating the number of years lost to premature death or compromised by disability.

In it was 2. The toll from crime, wars, and genocides does not come anywhere close. Physical suffering and early death have long been considered an ineluctable part of the human condition. But human ingenuity is changing that apparent fate.

The past two decades have seen a 35 percent reduction in the per capita, age-specific disability-adjusted life-years lost to disease.

Red tide research paper

The improvements, though geographically uneven, are worldwide: Advertisement Part of the improvement is a gift of economic development. Citizens of richer countries live longer and healthier lives because basic public-health measures and medical interventions have largely conquered the infectious, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional disorders which continue to take a toll though a decreasing one in the developing world.

But not all the gains have been low-hanging fruit. Advances in drugs, surgery, and epidemiology have brought reductions in years lost to more recalcitrant diseases in every age range and in richer as well as poorer countries.

As the treatments get cheaper and poor countries get richer, these gains will spread. Get Today in Opinion in your inbox: Globe Opinion's must-reads, delivered to you every Sunday-Friday. Sign Up Thank you for signing up! Sign up for more newsletters here Biomedical research, then, promises vast increases in life, health, and flourishing.

Just imagine how much happier you would be if a prematurely deceased loved one were alive, or a debilitated one were vigorous — and multiply that good by several billion, in perpetuity. Get out of the way. Of course, individuals must be protected from identifiable harm, but we already have ample safeguards for the safety and informed consent of patients and research subjects.

But this is an illusion. Advertisement First, slowing down research has a massive human cost. Even a one-year delay in implementing an effective treatment could spell death, suffering, or disability for millions of people.

Second, technological prediction beyond a horizon of a few years is so futile that any policy based on it is almost certain to do more harm than good. Contrary to confident predictions during my childhood, the turn of the 21st century did not bring domed cities, jetpack commuting, robot maids, mechanical hearts, or regularly scheduled flights to the moon.

This ignorance, of course, cuts both ways: Biomedical research in particular is defiantly unpredictable. Nineteen years after Dolly the sheep was cloned, we are nowhere near seeing parents implanting genes for musical, athletic, or intellectual talent in their unborn children.

In the other direction, treatments that were decried in their time as paving the road to hell, including vaccination, transfusions, anesthesia, artificial insemination, organ transplants, and in-vitro fertilization, have become unexceptional boons to human well-being.

Biomedical advances will always be incremental and hard-won, and foreseeable harms can be dealt with as they arise. The human body is staggeringly complex, vulnerable to entropy, shaped by evolution for youthful vigor at the expense of longevity, and governed by intricate feedback loops which ensure that any intervention will be compensated for by other parts of the system.

Biomedical research will always be closer to Sisyphus than a runaway train — and the last thing we need is a lobby of so-called ethicists helping to push the rock down the hill.A new study suggests there is hope of treating certain inborn congenital metabolic diseases -- a hope found in green tea and in red wine.

Current Obituaries. Obituaries in the Star Tribune. Obituaries in the Pioneer Press. Strother, Leon May 10, - November 19, Age 73 of Minneapolis. The Concept and Teaching of Place-Value Richard Garlikov.

An analysis of representative literature concerning the widely recognized ineffective learning of "place-value" by American children arguably also demonstrates a widespread lack of understanding of the concept of place-value among elementary school arithmetic teachers and among researchers themselves.

Red tide is a naturally occurring, higher than normal concentration of microscopic, single celled, photosynthetic algae. Some are capable of movement through the . Excerpt from "Myths & Legends of Japan" by F. Hadland Davis. The Dragon has the head of a camel, horns or a deer, eyes of a hare, scales of a carp, paws of a tiger, and claws resembling those of an eagle.

Red tide is a common name for a phenomenon more correctly known as an algal bloom (large concentrations of microorganisms), an event in which estuarine, marine, or fresh water algae accumulate rapidly in the water column and results in discoloration of the surface water/5(1).

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