Back in college I had a professor who always emphasized using stories for teaching. He taught us how to use the inductive method instead of the deductive method. A few years ago this same professor gave a presentation about the differences between oral and literate cultures. I found all this fascinating and started to incorporate it into what I do.
Ukranian Translation In logic, we often refer to the two broad methods of reasoning as the deductive and inductive approaches.
Deductive reasoning works from the more general to the more specific.
Sometimes this is informally called a "top-down" approach. We might begin with thinking up a theory about our topic of interest. We then narrow that down into more specific hypotheses that we can test. We narrow down even further when we collect observations to address the hypotheses.
This ultimately leads us to be able to test the hypotheses with specific data -- a confirmation or not of our original theories. Inductive reasoning works the other way, moving from specific observations to broader generalizations and theories.
Informally, we sometimes call this a "bottom up" approach please note that it's "bottom up" and not "bottoms up" which is the kind of thing the bartender says to customers when he's trying to close for the night!
In inductive reasoning, we begin with specific observations and measures, begin to detect patterns and regularities, formulate some tentative hypotheses that we can explore, and finally end up developing some general conclusions or theories.
These two methods of reasoning have a very different "feel" to them when you're conducting research. Inductive reasoning, by its very nature, is more open-ended and exploratory, especially at the beginning. Deductive reasoning is more narrow in nature and is concerned with testing or confirming hypotheses.
Even though a particular study may look like it's purely deductive e. In fact, it doesn't take a rocket scientist to see that we could assemble the two graphs above into a single circular one that continually cycles from theories down to observations and back up again to theories.
Even in the most constrained experiment, the researchers may observe patterns in the data that lead them to develop new theories.The background of using inductive and deductive profiling. The development and implementation of new methods of investigation, based on the achievements of natural and engineering sciences, will undoubtedly help to strengthen the evidentiary value of the conclusions.
Two Different Approaches”, section from the book Sociological a deductive approach, as you have seen in the preceding discussion, many do, and there are a number of excellent recent examples of deductive research. Inductive Versus Deductive Reasoning Inductive reasoning is a method of drawing conclusions based upon limited information.
In essence, the phrase “inductive reasoning” is . Deductive reasoning and inductive reasoning are two different approaches to conducting scientific research. Most social research, however, involves both inductive and deductive reasoning throughout the research process.
this typically involves alternating between deduction and induction. Continue Reading. The Difference Between.
Bases of Difference Meaning Hypothesis Structure Size of Sample Scrutiny Time Factor Theory Approach Difference Between Inductive and Deductive Approach to Research Inductive theory is an approach to research that starts with the observation and the end result of the research is THEORY.
Deductive research aims to test an existing theory while inductive research aims to generate new theories from observed data. Deductive research works from the more general to the more specific, and inductive research works from more specific observations to more general theories.