In November, the voters reaffirmed the measure by overwhelmingly approving Propositionan initiative that is essentially identical to Chapter The measure is the most significant change to the state criminal justice system in more than a generation. This analysis summarizes the findings of that piece, provides more up-to-date data, and recommends that the state closely monitor the implementation and impact of the Three Strikes law.
For example, second and third strikers have been convicted for an average of three prior felony offenses, including an average of two prior serious or violent felonies. By comparison, the rest of the inmate population has an average of one prior felony offense, including 0.
Even those strikers who are in prison because their current offenses were nonserious and nonviolent have lengthier criminal histories than nonstrikers. Second and third strikers whose current offenses are nonserious and nonviolent average four and five prior felony offenses, respectively, compared to one prior felony offense on average for the rest of the inmate population.
Increased Length of Prison Stay. Because the law increases the length of sentences, it has raised the average length of stay for the prison population.
The average time served by all felons before their first release to parole was 21 months inprior to the implementation of the Three Strikes law. In part, this increase has occurred because second strikers serve longer sentences than the average for all prison inmates.
Second strikers released to parole in served 43 months on average. In addition, inmates serving life sentences for a third strike conviction are in prison for longer than would have been the case in the absence of the Three Strikes law, particularly those whose current offense is nonserious or nonviolent.
The cost of their additional time in prison because of Three Strikes is difficult to estimate because many of them would have returned to prison even in the absence of Three Strikes for new offenses or parole violations.
In addition, because third strikers are serving indeterminate sentences, it is not clear when they will be released from prison. It is worth noting that no third strikers have been released from prison, and the earliest any are eligible for release to parole is Once third strikers become eligible for parole consideration, this will likely create significant additional workload and require additional resources for the board.
The number of lifer hearings is projected to more than double from about 4, held by the Board of Prison Terms in The average age of the inmate population has risen from 32 to 36 since Moreover, the number of inmates 50 years of age and older has increased from about 5, to 16, between and This aging prison population is likely due to two factors.
The first and probably more significant factor is the enactment of sentencing laws such as the Three Strikes law to provide longer terms, and in some cases life terms.
Such laws, designed to incarcerate offenders for longer periods, result in a larger and older prison population in the long run. Thus, as the third striker population grows and ages-probably at least until the overall prison population will likely grow older, as well.
The second factor is that the aging of the prison population simply reflects the aging of the citizenry as a whole. The aging of the prison population over the past decade has the potential for significant fiscal consequences.
As inmates age, the cost of housing them increases due to age-related illness and the associated health care costs, as well as the security and transportation costs of moving these inmates between prisons and local hospitals. Therefore, as the striker population continues to grow and age in prison, the state costs to incarcerate them will also continue to escalate.
Racial Composition of Strikers. This racial composition is similar to that in the total prison population. Changes to Parole Supervision. Since aboutthe CDCR has altered how it supervises parolees who have two or more serious or violent felony convictions on their record-those for whom their next felony conviction would make them eligible for a third strike sentence.Arguments for: Major proponents of Proposition include the National Rifle Association, the California Correctional and Peace Officers' Association, and Michael Huffington, all sponsors with lots of money.
California's Proposition Three Strikes and You're Out Last year in California voters approved a controversial ballot initiative. Proposition , also known as the three strikes and you're out law, was passed on November 9, Three Strikes Sentencing. Proposition (commonly referred to as the “three strikes” law) was adopted by voters in It imposed longer prison sentences for certain repeat offenders.
Specifically, the law requires that a person who is convicted of a felony and who previously has been. Feb 22, · On March 7, , Governor Wilson signed into law AB (Ch 12/94, Jones) referred to as the Three Strikes and You're Out criminal sentencing measure.
In November, the voters reaffirmed the measure by overwhelmingly approving Proposition , an initiative that is . Proposition in California Last year in California voters approved a controversial ballot initiative.
Proposition , also known as the three strikes and you're out. THE AMENDMENT OF THE THREE STRIKES SENTENCING LAW. J. RICHARD COUZENS. Judge of the Superior Court on November 8, , the voters approved Proposition , which enacted a second version of the law by adding section Prior to the enactment of Proposition 36, the essence of the Three Strikes was to require a defendant law.